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SELECTBIO Conferences Extracellular Vesicles (EVs: Exosomes and Microvesicles): Research, Diagnostics and Therapeutics Applications


Circulating Extracellular Vesicles are Biomarkers and Mediators of Alcoholic Liver Disease

Gyongyi Szabo, Professor, University of Massachusetts Medical School

A salient feature of alcoholic liver disease (ALD) is Kupffer cell (KC) activation and recruitment of inflammatory monocytes and macrophages (MØs). We studied whether these key cellular events were mediated by extracellular vesicles (EVs) in the pathogenesis of ALD. EVs transfer biomaterials, including proteins and microRNAs, and have recently emerged as important effectors of intercellular communication. We also hypothesized that circulating EVs from mice with ALD have a characteristic protein cargo that may serve as biomarker of disease. The total number of circulating EVs was increased in mice with ALD compared to pair-fed controls. Mass spectrometric analysis of circulating EVs revealed a distinct signature of proteins involved in inflammatory responses, cellular development, and cellular movement between ALD EVs and control EVs. We also identified uniquely important proteins in ALD EVs that were not present in control EVs. When ALD EVs were injected intravenously into alcohol naive mice, we found evidence of uptake of ALD EVs in recipient livers in hepatocytes and MØs. Hepatocytes isolated from mice after transfer of ALD EVs, but not control EVs, showed increased monocyte chemoattractant protein 1 mRNA and protein expression, suggesting a biological effect of ALD EVs. Compared to control EV recipient mice, ALD EV recipient mice had increased numbers of F4/80hi cluster of differentiation 11b (CD11b) lo KCs and increased percentages of tumor necrosis factor alpha–positive/interleukin 12/23– positive (inflammatory/M1) KCs and infiltrating monocytes (F4/80intCD11bhi), while the percentage of CD2061CD1631 (anti-inflammatory/M2) KCs was decreased. In vitro, ALD EVs increased tumor necrosis factor alpha and interleukin-1b production in MØs and reduced CD163 and CD206 expression. We identified heat shock protein 90 in ALD EVs as the mediator of ALD-EV- induced MØ activation. In conclusion these  results indicate a specific protein signature of ALD EVs and demonstrate a functional role of circulating EVs in mediating KC/MØ activation in the liver.

Add to Calendar ▼2018-03-28 00:00:002018-03-29 00:00:00Europe/LondonExtracellular Vesicles (EVs: Exosomes and Microvesicles): Research, Diagnostics and Therapeutics