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SELECTBIO Conferences Advances in qPCR & dPCR


Absolute copy number from the statistics of the quantification cycle Cq in replicate qPCR experiments

Joel Tellinghuisen, Professor of Chemistry, Vanderbilt University

The quantification cycle (Cq) is widely used for calibration in real-time qPCR, to estimate the initial amount, or copy number N0, of the target DNA. Cq may be defined several ways, including the cycle where the detected fluorescence achieves a prescribed threshold level. For all methods of defining Cq, the standard deviation from replicate experiments is typically much greater than the estimated standard errors from the least-squares fits used to obtain Cq. For moderate-to-large copy number (N0 > 102), pipette volume uncertainty and variability in the amplification efficiency (E) likely account for most of the excess variance in Cq. For small N0, the dispersion of Cq is determined by the Poisson statistics of N0, which means that N0 can be estimated directly from the variance of Cq. The estimation precision is determined by the statistical properties of chi-square, giving a relative standard deviation of ~(2/n)^1/2 , where n is the number of replicates — for example, a 20% standard deviation in N0 from 50 replicates.

Add to Calendar ▼2015-05-21 00:00:002015-05-22 00:00:00Europe/LondonAdvances in qPCR and dPCRAdvances in qPCR and dPCR in Singapore Singapore