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SELECTBIO Conferences Lab-on-a-Chip & Microfluidics, Point-of-Care Diagnostics & Global Health Asia 2017


Accelerating the Detection Speed of Circulating DNA/RNA by Electrokinetic Concentration in a Microfluidic Chip

Yong-Ak (Rafael) Song, Assistant Professor of Mechanical and Biomedical Engineering, New York University Abu Dhabi

The cell-free DNA (cfDNA), which consists of fragments of DNA from dying cancer cells, and exosomes released during fusion of the multivesicular endosomes have demonstrated great promise as an alternative biomarker for cancer detection and assessment of treatment. To enhance the detection sensitivity and speed of “Liquid Biopsy” tools for cfDNA and exosomal RNA, we have developed a microfluidic concentrator chip based on ion concentration polarization (ICP) that can preconcentrate target nucleic acids electrokinetically from a ~µL fluidic sample into a ~pL plug in the vicinity of the molecular capture probes. ICP preconcentration not only reduces the analyte diffusion length but also increases the binding reaction rate, and as a result, ICP-enhanced biosensors allow much faster hybridization than standard diffusion-limited biosensors such as microarrays. Utilizing an ion-selective conductive polymer membrane, poly(3,4-ethylenedioxythiophene) polystyrene sulfonate (PEDOT:PSS), in a microfluidic channel, we could achieve a concentration increase of DNA by 6 orders of magnitude from an initial concentration of 100 fM at 50V within 10 min. As for the detection via surface hybridization on morpholino (MO) probes, a class of uncharged DNA mimics, DNA target concentration as low as 10 pM was detected within 15 min. In the case of an exosomal RNA, miR21, we could accelerate its surface hybridization on MO probes by 7-fold using the electrokinetic concentrator. It even allowed an increase of the concentration of exosomes (from human breast cancer cell lines, ~105/mL) locally for a sensitive fluorescence detection. These results demonstrate a potential application of the microfluidic electrokinetic concentrator for a rapid detection of cfDNA and exosomal RNA molecules down to few pico- and femtomolar regimes.

Add to Calendar ▼2017-11-30 00:00:002017-12-01 00:00:00Europe/LondonLab-on-a-Chip and Microfluidics, Point-of-Care Diagnostics and Global Health Asia 2017Lab-on-a-Chip and Microfluidics, Point-of-Care Diagnostics and Global Health Asia 2017 in Taipei, TaiwanTaipei,