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SELECTBIO Conferences 2D-to-3D Culture and Organoids 2020

2D-to-3D Culture and Organoids 2020 Agenda



Co-Located Conference Agendas

2D-to-3D Culture and Organoids 2020 | Multi-Cellular Engineered Living Systems Summit | 

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Wednesday, 25 March 2020

08:00

Conference Registration, Materials Pick-Up, Morning Coffee and Pastries


Session Title: Multi-Cellular Engineered Living Systems Summit

08:30

Roger KammTerry RissConference Chair

Conference Chairpersons Welcome, Introduction and Topics Addressed
Roger Kamm, Cecil and Ida Green Distinguished Professor of Biological and Mechanical Engineering, Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT)
Terry Riss, Global Strategic Marketing Manager Cell Health, Promega Corporation, United States of America

08:45

Linda GriffithKeynote Presentation

Engineering Mucosal Barriers: From Organoids to Organs–on–Chips
Linda Griffith, Professor, Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT), United States of America

Mucosal barriers are the gateways to all internal organs, serving to transport oxygen, nutrients, and waste and at the same time performing enormous feats of protection against infection and other hazardous insults.  The explosion of interest in the human microbiome – especially but not only that in the gut – has driven new interest in building human mucosal barrier models. This talk will highlight three related themes: (i) engineering synthetic microenvironments to expand primary adult epithelial organoids and induce morphogenesis into mucosal barriers (ii) engineering microfluidic devices to create microbial-mucosal interfaces that enable chronic co-culture of the most super strict anaerobes such as Faecalibacterium prausnitzii with a colon mucosal barrier and (iii) interconnection of mucosal barriers with other tissues in systemic circuits to illuminate the role of gut-derived bacterial metabolites on function of other organ systems.  Examples will emphasize how these approaches can be used to model chronic inflammatory diseases.

09:30

Donna MendrickKeynote Presentation

Alternative Models Use: Regulatory Context
Donna Mendrick, Associate Director of Regulatory Activities, US Food and Drug Administration (FDA), United States of America

In 2017 FDA published the Predictive Toxicology Roadmap (https://www.fda.gov/science-research/about-science-research-fda/fdas-predictive-toxicology-roadmap)-a framework for integrating predictive toxicology methods into safety and risk assessments.  FDA welcomes data from alternative methods and is working internally and externally to learn more about technologies such as MPS.  This presentation will provide an overview of MPS work being done within FDA and the actions being taken to help move alternative assays into a regulatory context.

10:15

Morning Coffee Break and Networking

11:00

Peter ErtlKeynote Presentation

Parkinson’s-On-a-Chip: Unravelling the Complexity of Neurodegenerative Diseases Using a Chip-based Midbrain Organoid Model
Peter Ertl, Professor of Lab-on-a-Chip Systems, Vienna University of Technology, Austria

One of the main limitations in neuroscience and in the modeling and understanding of neurodegenerative diseases is the lack of advanced experimental in vitro models that truly mimic the complexity of the human brain. With its ability to emulate microarchitectures and functional characteristics of native organs in vitro, induced pluripotent stem cell technology has enabled the generation of human midbrain organoids. To improve organoid reproducibility and iPSC differentiation, we have developed a sensor-integrated organ-on-a-chip platform allowing long-term cultivation and non-invasive monitoring of hMOs under an interstitial flow regime. Our results show that dynamic cultivation of iPSC-derived hMOs maintains high cellular viabilities and dopaminergic neuron differentiation over prolonged cultivation periods of up to 50 days, while neurotransmitter release of hMOs is detected using an electrochemical sensor array.

11:45

Michael ShulerKeynote Presentation

Body on a Chip: Human Microscale Models for Drug Development
Michael Shuler, Samuel B. Eckert Professor of Engineering, Cornell University, President & CEO, Hesperos, Inc., United States of America

The preclinical drug development process is inefficient at selecting drug candidates for human clinical trials, since only 11% of drug candidates selected for clinical trials exit with regulatory approval. Current technology is based on isolated human cells and animal surrogates.  We believe that a “human” multiorgan model based on physiologically based pharmacokinetics-pharmacodynamic (PBPK-PD) models that house interconnected modules with tissue mimics of various organs.  The system captures key aspects of human physiology that would potentially reduce drug attrition in clinical trials and decrease the cost of development. Integrated, multi-organ microphysiological systems (MPS) based on human tissues (also known as “body-on-a-chip”) could be important tools to improve the selection of drug candidates exiting preclinical trials for those drug most likely to earn regulatory approval from clinical trials. Such microscale systems combine organized human tissues with the techniques of microfabrication.

I will describe such systems being constructed at Hesperos and at Cornell that are guided in their design by a PBPK model. They are “self-contained” in that they can operate independently and do not require external pumps as is the case with man other microphysiological systems. They are “low cost”, in part, because of the simplicity and reliability of operation. They maintain a ratio of fluid (blood surrogate) to cells that is more physiologic than in many other in vitro systems allowing the observation of the effects of not only drugs but their metabolites. While systems can be sampled to measure the concentrations of drugs, metabolites, or biomarkers, they also can be interrogated in situ for functional responses such as electrical activity, force generation, or integrity of barrier function. Operation up to 28 days has been achieved allowing observation of both acute and chronic responses with serum free media. We have worked with various combinations of internal organ modules (liver, fat, neuromuscular junction, skeletal muscle, cardiac, bone marrow, blood vessels and brain) and barrier tissues (eg skin, GI tract, blood brain barrier, lung, and kidney). We have achieved unidirectional flow in a pumpless system which is important for mimicking the response of  vascular tissues and constructed blood brain mimics with human in vitro like characteristics. The use of microelectrode arrays to monitor electrically active tissues (cardiac and neuronal) and micro cantilevers (muscle) have been demonstrated. While most systems use 5 or fewer organ modules, we have demonstrated that a 13 “organ” compartment device can be constructed demonstrating the potential to address a wide range of problems in pharmacology and toxicology in a low cost system. Most importantly these technical advances allow prediction of both a drug’s potential efficacy and toxicity (side-effects) in pre-clinical studies.

12:30

Networking Lunch and Round-Table Discussions


Session Title: Organoids and 3D-Culture - Technologies and Applications


Session Chairperson: Dr. Terry Riss, Promega Corporation

14:00

Recreating Kidney Organogenesis in vitro with Human Pluripotent Stem Cells
Ryuji Morizane, Assistant Professor, Harvard Medical School; Visiting Scholar, Wyss Institute, United States of America

We have developed an efficient, chemically defined protocol for differentiating human pluripotent stem cells into multipotent nephron progenitor cells (NPCs) that can form kidney organoids. By recapitulating metanephric kidney development in vitro we generate SIX2+SALL1+WT1+PAX2+ NPCs with 80-90% efficiency within 8-9 days of differentiation. NPCs form kidney organoids containing epithelial nephron-like structures expressing markers of podocytes, proximal tubules, loops of Henle and distal nephrons in an organized, continuous arrangement that resembles the nephron in vivo. The organoids express genes reflecting many transporters seen in adult metanephric-derived kidney, enabling assessment of transporter-mediated drug nephrotoxicity. Stromal cells are also generated with the presence of PDGFRBeta+ fibroblasts/pericytes, and CD31+ endothelial cells. This kidney differentiation system can be used to study mechanisms of human kidney development. Repetitive injury to tubular cells causes interstitial fibroblast expansion with characteristics of myofibroblasts, indicating kidney organoids can be used to model kidney fibrosis in vitro. Polycystic kidney disease (PKD) patient-derived organoids exhibit cystic phenotypes. Hence the generated kidney organoids are effective tools to study genetic disorders of the kidney as well as mechanisms of kidney injury and fibrosis. Microphysiological platforms in vitro facilitate kidney organoid vascularization and maturation, which may lead to the development of functional bioengineered kidneys in the future.

14:30

Albert FolchKeynote Presentation

Microfluidics For Interrogating Intact Tumor Biopsies
Albert Folch, Professor of Bioengineering, University of Washington, United States of America

The intricate microarchitecture of tissues – the “tissue microenvironment” – is a strong determinant of tissue function. Microfluidics offers an invaluable tool to precisely stimulate, manipulate, and analyze the tissue microenvironment in live tissues and engineer mass transport around and into small tissue volumes. Such control is critical in clinical studies, especially where tissue samples are scarce (e.g. tumor biopsies), in analytical sensors, where testing smaller amounts of analytes results in faster, more portable sensors, and in biological experiments, where accurate control of the cellular microenvironment is needed (e.g. organ-on-a-chip). Microfluidics also provides inexpensive multiplexing strategies to address the pressing need to test large quantities of drugs and reagents on a single biopsy specimen, increasing testing accuracy, relevance, and speed while reducing overall diagnostic cost. I will discuss the development of our platforms for cancer diagnostics that allow for multiplexed functional drug testing on live, intact tissues in various formats: 1) tumor slices; 2) core needle biopsies; and 3) cuboids (precision-sliced tumor fragments that retain viability and the tumor microenvironment for several days). These platforms are currently under commercial development by startup OncoFluidics.

15:00

Ex Vivo Immuno-Oncology Dynamic Environment For Tumor Biopsies
Jeffrey Borenstein, Group Leader, Synthetic Biology, Draper, United States of America

We present the design, construction and testing of a microfluidic perfused tumor microenvironment platform capable of evaluating the efficacy of immune checkpoint inhibitors with circulating immune cells in mouse and human tumor biopsy fragments.

15:30

Afternoon Coffee Break in the Exhibit Hall

16:15

Modeling Immune Mediated Beta Cell Destruction in Human Type 1 Diabetes with Organoids
Matthias von Herrath, Vice President and Senior Medical Officer, Novo Nordisk, Professor, La Jolla Institute, United States of America

In the past 15 years we have been studying the pathology of human type 1 diabetes with access to donor pancreata through the human pancreatic organ donor consortium (nPOD). These studies have led to several findings, for example that certain cytokines are generated by beta cells themselves, sometimes under stress, and also that there are probably key factors that render beta cells susceptible to immune attacks. Mechanistically, the importance and meaning of these observations needs to be addressed in a suitable and easily manipulable in vitro system consisting of human islets and immune cells. We have built such a system in collaboration with the company InSphero and will discuss emerging findings.

16:45

Roger KammKeynote Presentation

Emergent Engineering of Human Neurological Disease Models
Roger Kamm, Cecil and Ida Green Distinguished Professor of Biological and Mechanical Engineering, Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT), United States of America

Microphysiological models have now been developed for a variety of single organs, as well as multi-organ systems.  These models are also beginning to find useful applications in the pharmaceutical and biotech industry as disease models and for intermediate throughput drug screening.  The current models range from those that are generated by precisely seeding in a device populations of fully differentiated or primary cells that then assemble into functional monolayers or simple 3D structures on one extreme, to ones that are fully emergent, forming by self-assembly often within a single cluster of pluripotent cells on the other.  We refer to these two approaches as ‘top-down engineering’ and ‘emergent engineering’.  In this presentation, the full range of techniques will be discussed, with examples derived from applications in the context of neurological function and disease.

17:30

Networking Reception with Beer and Wine in the Exhibit Hall -- Meet Exhibitors and Network with Colleagues

18:30

Close of Day 1 of the Conference

Thursday, 26 March 2020

08:00

Morning Coffee and Pastries in the Exhibit Hall


Session Title: Emerging Themes in Organoids and Organs-on-Chips


Session Chair: Dr. Terry Riss, Promega Corporation

08:30

Terry RissConference Chair

Selecting and Validating Fit-for-Purpose Assays to Interrogate 3D Culture Models
Terry Riss, Global Strategic Marketing Manager Cell Health, Promega Corporation, United States of America

There is a rapid expansion in the use of 3D cell culture model systems ranging from individual scaffold-free spheroids to multiple organoids designed to represent a human-on-a-chip. Researchers soon become aware the spectrum of 3D models have vastly different culture requirements and there is no “one size fits all” approach. Selecting a 3D culture model that is “fit for purpose” often involves compromises considering sample throughput, complexity, physiological relevance, cost and limitations in the available assay technologies. I will describe an overview of factors to consider when designing an appropriate 3D culture model and stress the importance of considering limitations of assay methods to interrogate relatively large 3D structures.

09:00

Modeling Cancer Prevention In Breast Organoids
Jennifer Rosenbluth, Instructor in Medicine, Dana-Farber Cancer Institute, United States of America

Mammary organoids can be used to preserve complex lineages in long-term culture.  Using mass cytometry to profile cell states in patient-derived breast organoids, we identify a cell population that is expanded in the breast tissue of BRCA1/2 mutation carriers.  This approach is being extended to model early stages of cancer development as well as aggressive breast cancer subtypes.

09:30

VisikolCharacterizing 3D Cell Culture Models in Their Entirety Using High Content Confocal Imaging
Erin Edwards, Head of Services, Visikol

In this presentation, Visikol Head of Services Dr. Erin Edwards will discuss the challenges and limitations with characterizing 3D cell culture models from labeling and tissue processing to imaging and image analysis. The presentation will describe practical approaches to 3D cell culture characterization and how advanced imaging modalities such as high content confocal can be used to answer complex research questions. Specific applications in the fields of NASH, immuno-oncology and large molecule therapeutics will be discussed wherein spatial data can be combined with multiplex labeling to quantify T-cell migration, volumetric collagen deposition or therapeutic penetration.

10:00

Tissue Organoids For Disease Modeling
Shay Soker, Professor of Regenerative Medicine, Wake Forest Institute for Regenerative Medicine, United States of America

Traditional in vitro two dimensional (2D) cell cultures fail to recapitulate the microenvironment of in vivo tissues. They have three major differences from native tissue microenvironments: substrate topography, substrate stiffness, and most importantly, a 2D rather than three dimensional (3D) architecture. In contrast, 3D human tissue organoids replicate native tissue structure and function and thus are superior to traditional 2D cultures and animal models. These organoids can be studied in vitro for several weeks to allow intensive investigations. Besides their advantages in drug toxicity testing and for development of new drugs, the human tissue organoid platform serves as a model system to explore human tissue development and disease. Our recent research was focused on the use of human tissue organoids to study liver development and congenital diseases as well as other common diseases such as tissue fibrosis and cancer. Altogether our human tissue organoids system can be used for modeling of a wide verity of diseases and develop new personalized/precision medicine applications.

10:30

Morning Coffee Break and Networking in the Exhibit Hall

11:15

Organoids: A Patient In the Lab
René Overmeer, Assay Development & Screening Manager, Hubrecht Organoid Technology (HUB), Netherlands

Organoids such as IPSC derived brain organoids (Lancaster et al Nature 2013) or our adults epithelial stem cell derived organoids (Sato et al., Nature 2009, 2011) are proving to be a major breakthrough in preclinical models. The new patient like models are fundamental change in the way drug discovery and development can be performed. The development of the HUB Organoids started in the lab of Hans Clevers with the discovery of the identity of adult stem cells in human epithelial tissues such as intestine and liver (Barker et al., Nature 2007; Huch et al., Nature 2013). With the identification of these stem cells, we were able to develop a culture system that allowed for the virtually unlimited, genetically and phenotypically stable expansion of the epithelial cells from most, if not all, epithelial animal and human tissues, both from healthy and diseased tissue (Sato et al., Nature 2009, 2011; Gastroenterology 2011; Huch et al., Nature 2013, Cell 2015; Boj et al., Cell 2015). We have now generated HUB organoid models from most epithelial organs. Recently, we and others have demonstrated that the in vitro response of organoids correlates with the clinical outcome of the patient from which the organoid was derived (Dekkers et al., Sci Trans Med 2016; Sachs et al., Cell 2018; Vlachogiannis et al., Science 2018). In addition, we have developed a coculture system using HUB Organoids and the immune system to study this interaction and drugs that target the role of the immune system in cancer and other diseases. We have recently developed new models to study intestinal and lung barrier function and transport of the epithelium of these organs. These experiments show how organoids can be used to study mechanism that underly barrier function disruption in IBD or COPD. Furthermore, we have developed new models to study the interaction between immune system and epithelium. The combination of the new coculture models and assay development to study the epithelium allows us new insights into disease mechanisms and drug treatment strategies.

11:45

Phenotypic Machine Learning in High Content Imaging Screening with Organoids
Yu-Chi Chen, Scientist, Bioprinting Group, NCATS, United States of America

In the last few years, there has been a fast increase in the use of 3D cellular models as physiological relevant assays for drug discovery and development.  The use of U-bottom plates has been widely used for growing 3D spheroids because they facilitate spheroid formation in a scalable and reproducible manner to enable large scale compound screening.  However, the U-bottom shape of the wells in these plates limits the use of high-resolution imaging (>20X) and high-content screening mainly due to light diffraction.  Therefore, the assays used for screening with spheroids have mostly been restricted to simple readouts such as cell viability using standard well-based assays, or high content assays measuring total fluorescence intensity.  As more complex spheroids and organoids models are developed for disease modeling, there is an increased need to be able to quantitate the effects of compounds in different cell types, sub-cellular biomarkers and phenotypes within these 3D systems.  Here we will discuss the development of a 1536-well 3D HCS assay platform that enables the generation of high-resolution sub-cellular images coupled with a Phenotypic machine learning and 3D segmentation analysis within 3D spheroids that enables the implementation of 3D High Resolution Imaging Screening.

12:15

Networking Lunch in the Exhibit Hall

13:15

Exploring the Utility of iPSC-derived 3D Cortical Spheroids in the Detection of CNS Toxicity
Qin Wang, Scientist, Drug Safety Research & Evaluation, Takeda Pharmaceuticals, Inc., United States of America

Drug-induced Central Nervous System (CNS) toxicity is a common safety attrition for project failure during discovery and development phases due to low concordance rates between animal models and human, absence of clear biomarkers, and a lack of predictive assays. To address the challenge, we validated a high throughput human iPSC-derived 3D microBrain model with a diverse set of pharmaceuticals. We measured drug-induced changes in neuronal viability and Ca channel function. MicroBrain exposure and analyses were rooted in therapeutic exposure to predict clinical drug-induced seizures and/or neurodegeneration. We found that this high throughput model has very low false positive rate in the prediction of drug-induced neurotoxicity. This assay has the potential to be used as a predictive assay to detect neurotoxicity hazard identification in early drug discovery.

13:45

A Novel 3D Osteocyte in vitro Model Using Pre-Osteoblast Cells
Jeonghyun Kim, Researcher, Kyoto University, Japan

We fabricated 3D tissue engineered constructs using pre-osteoblast cells and first highlighted that the cell condensation achieved in the 3D structure triggered osteocyte differentiation of pre-osteoblast cells in vitro within 2 days.

14:15

Title to be Confirmed.
Milos Kostic, Scholar, Novartis Institutes for BioMedical Research, United States of America

14:45

Afternoon Coffee Break and Networking

15:15

In vitro Model For Immune Mediated Liver Injury Predictions
Neeraja Idamakanti, Principal Scientist, Takeda Pharmaceuticals, United States of America

Despite recent advances in understanding of drug-induced liver injury (DILI), many aspects of its immune-mediated pathophysiology and clinical impact remain unclear. The inflammatory phenotype can be attributed to the innate or adaptive immune responses generated by infiltrating immune cells – which until now have never been successfully integrated into a functional 3D liver microtissue.  We developed immune mediated DILI model using human liver micro tissues with HLA matched PBMCs for prediction of clinical hepatotoxicity.

15:45

Formation of Uniform, Size-Controllable Multicellular Tumor Spheroids in Polydimethylsiloxane-Coated Well Plates
Jirina Kroupová, Researcher, University of Chemistry and Technology, Prague, Czech Republic

Cultivation of multicellular tumor spheroids on hydrophobic polydimethylsiloxane (PDMS) surface will be presented as a suitable method to form of uniform and size-controllable spheroids.

16:15

Gary GintantKeynote Presentation

Closing Keynote
Gary Gintant, Senior Research Fellow, Abbvie, United States of America

17:00

Close of Day 2 of the Conference


Add to Calendar ▼2020-03-25 00:00:002020-03-26 00:00:00Europe/London2D-to-3D Culture and Organoids 20202D-to-3D Culture and Organoids 2020 in Boston, USABoston, USASELECTBIOenquiries@selectbiosciences.com